Smart buildings incorporate advanced technology functions within a building through a control system. In general, the functions are available through the use of existing technologies such as Internet of things (IoT) sensors, artificial intelligence (AI), and data analytics. Smart technology enables enhanced productivity for the occupants with a use of diverse systems of illumination, Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC), physical security, etc. It further permits lowered costs and reduced environmental impacts.
Through the use of IoT technology, multiple devices are connected to each other. this enables the integration of all the data and information, and eventually achieves the optimization of controls. In short, the sensors, controllers, and all the equipment are able to communicate and co-work with each other due to the connection that has been made by IoT system.
AI technology refers to the ability of imitating human behaviors, while machine learning technology refers to the process of achieving AI as the learning procedure of an algorithm is included. It is possible to merely build an AI system without machine learning, but it requires laborious tasks to build all the codes. Using machine learning, a significant amount of data can be utilized for the AI system. Which means the demanding work of writing all the codes is not required. AI and machine learning aid in using and monitoring the IoT devices, thus achieving smart building technology.
Automation realizes the automatic control of diverse facilities such as Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC), lighting, and security systems. It incurs several benefits including the followings:
Carnot Innovations creates smart building optimization through artificial intelligence (AI). The AI analytics and controls drive the data, leading to smart building optimization empowering three additional aspects available from current energy management and maintenance systems:
Exhaustive works are not required for routine checks
Small faults can be promptly monitored
Adaptive control leads to high operational efficiency